What is lanceolate baldcypress?
Psilocybe semilanceata, commonly known as freedom cap, is a species of fungus that produces the psychoactive compounds psilocybin psilocin and baeocystin. It is both one of the most widely distributed psilocybin mushrooms in nature and one of the most potent.
photo. Marek Prokes
What does the lanceolate baldcypress look like?
The mushrooms have a distinctive bell cone-shaped cap, up to 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter, with a small teat-like protrusion at the top. They are yellow to brown, covered with radial grooves when wet, and fade to a lighter color as they mature. Their handles are usually slender and long, the same color or slightly lighter than the cap. The gills to the shaft are attached (narrowly) and are initially cream-colored before turning purple to black as the spores mature. The spores are dark purple-brown in mass, ellipsoidal in shape and measure 10.5-15 by 6.5-8.5 micrometers.
Where the coot grows, map and sites
The fungus grows in grassy habitats, especially wetter ones. But unlike P. cubensis (i.e., the kind you find in Growkit Golden Teacher), the fungus doesn’t grow directly on feces; rather, it’s a saprobic species that feeds on decaying grass roots.
Lysenko 2023 Locations
It is widely distributed in temperate areas of the northern hemisphere, especially in Europe, and occasionally reported in temperate areas of the southern hemisphere as well. The earliest reliable history of P. semilanceata poisoning dates back to 1799 in London, and in the 1960s the fungus was the first European species confirmed to contain psilocybin. In Poland, it can be found in the Bieszczady Mountains, Podlasie and Masuria.
Psilocybe semilanceata fruiting alone or in groups on rich and acidic soil, usually in grasslands such as meadows, pastures or lawns. It is often found in pastures fertilized with sheep or cow dung, although it does not usually grow directly on dung.
Legality of the coot
Possession or sale of psilocybin mushrooms is illegal in many countries including Poland. For this reason, we advise against owning and even more so using Lanceolate Lyssia.
Effects of Lanceolate Balm
In the early 1960s, Swiss scientist Albert Hofmann – known for synthesizing the psychedelic drug LSD – chemically analyzed P. semilanceata fruiting bodies collected in Switzerland and France by botanist Roger Heim. Using the blot chromatography technique, Hofmann confirmed the presence of 0.25% (by weight) psilocybin in the dried samples. Their 1963 publication was the first report of psilocybin in a European species of fungus; it had previously been known only in Psilocybe species from Mexico, Asia and North America. The discovery was confirmed in the late 1960s. on specimens from Scotland and England,Czechoslovakia (1973),Germany (1977),Norway (1978), and Belgium and Finland ( 1984). In 1965, forensic characterization of psilocybin-containing mushrooms confiscated from college students in British Columbia identified P. semilanceata – the first recorded case of intentional recreational use of the fungus in Canada. The presence of the psilocybin analogue, baeocystin, was confirmed in 1977. Several studies published since then support the view that variability in psilocybin content in P. semilanceata is low, regardless of the country of origin.
Risks associated with Lanceolate Balm
One of the dangers of trying to consume hallucinogenic or other wild mushrooms, especially for novice mushroom hunters, is the possibility of misidentification with toxic species. In one reported case, an otherwise healthy young Austrian mistook the poisonous Cortinarius rubellus for P. semilanceata. As a result, he suffered from end-stage renal failure and required a kidney transplant. In another case, a young man developed cardiac abnormalities similar to those seen in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, characterized by sudden transient myocardial weakness. A polymerase chain reaction-based test to identify P. semilanceata was announced by Polish researchers in 2007. Poisonous Psathyrella species can be easily misidentified as freedom caps.
The content on psychodelicroom.co.uk is educational, research, and is an expression of many opinions, to which one should reserve. We do not encourage or even discourage the use of any means of influencing consciousness, all of which can both cure and do great harm. In particular, we advise against growing mushrooms from growkits in countries where it is illegal – min. in Poland – because it involves criminal liability. We recommend that growkits purchased from us be disposed of 72 hours after receipt.